Orthopedics is a branch that deals with treating deformities of bones and muscles. Hip and leg replacements are the most frequently performed procedures in Orthopaedic Surgery. However, this department offers a variety of techniques, including arthroscopy, muscle and tendon surgery, and corrective surgery for anatomical alignment.
Keyhole surgery in joints. It involves making small incisions to access the joint. Then, instruments like a scope are introduced. This is a small camera that allows you to see inside the joint. This procedure is often used to visualize different parts of a joint to determine the extent of damage or injury and diagnose conditions such as arthritis. It can also administer cartilage repairs, fluid drainage, and remove loose fragments.
The incisions are much smaller, meaning there is less post-operative pain than in open surgery. It also makes it easier to recover. Patients with arthroscopy performed during the day are rarely admitted to the hospital. Arthroscopy can treat many joint conditions, including knees and hips, ankles, shoulders, elbows, and wrists.
Most fractures can be treated with either ‘internal or ‘external” fixation. External fixation, which uses metal braces, or casting, stabilizes the bone and soft tissue from the outside, allowing them to heal. Internal fixation is when plates, screws, and wires are surgically inserted to align and hold together the bones as they heal physically.
A specialist can examine the injured bones and provide imaging such as X-rays and other imaging to confirm if there has been a fracture. They will then determine the best method to treat the fracture and allow the bone time to heal.
Arthroplasty is a medical term that refers to joint replacement. It’s most commonly used to replace the hip and knee joints. This can be used as a curative procedure for many joint conditions, such as arthritis or fractures.
Joint replacement can have significant benefits, such as reduced pain or improved range of movement in the affected joint. This can significantly impact one’s overall well-being, health, and independence.
Orthopaedic can also help with injuries to soft tissues and muscles. Surgery can be used to treat conditions like tendonitis, tendon ruptures, or muscle tears. It is possible to treat most problems with soft tissue damage using conservative treatments such as physiotherapy, pain relief, and Invasive surgery is sometimes recommended for these conditions.
Some conditions may affect anatomical alignment. If left untreated, scoliosis, which causes lateral curves in the spine, can severely limit function and cause long-term pain. An Orthopedic surgeoncan use many surgical and fixation techniques to correct, treat and monitor this condition to prevent it from becoming more severe.
Orthopedics is often used to treat long-term or chronic joint conditions. Many treatment options may be available before surgery is necessary. Weight loss and exercise often suffice to treat pain and restore function in weight-bearing joints (knees and hips) and for ankles, knees, and hips. Physiotherapy is also an excellent way to treat problems with soft tissues and joints. Injections can also manage these conditions. Surgery, if these fail, is often the next step in treatment. These injections are safe and effective in restoring function and daily living. The orthopedics specialty comprises a multidisciplinary staff of doctors, nurses, specialists, physiotherapists, and occupational therapists.